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Serious Things to Know About Low-Carb Weight Loss Plan October 31, 2011

Filed under: Advice — Fall into My Eyes @ 8:13 pm

They say that our body requirements carbohydrates for energy and without enough of it, we begin to exhibit negative effects.

But where do we really get carbohydrates? Discovering them in sweets only is really a misconception. It’s really present in most foods. Let’s first talk about what it’s all about.

You will find two kinds of carbohydrates: simple and complex. The former is composed of 1 or two sugars that are broken down effortlessly whilst the latter has numerous sugar units that take a longer time to be digested by the body.

Excellent sources of natural simple carbohydrates are fruits because they also include vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to the body. Cookies, chocolate bars and soda include simple carbohydrates too but they do not have valuable nutrients. As a result, they only contribute to the occurrence of diabetes and weight acquire.

Complex carbohydrates can be discovered on starchy vegetables, legumes and grain. They are usually high in fiber, calcium, protein, vitamins and minerals. They are also discovered in biscuits, pasta, pastries, white bread and white rice but these were already refined so their natural goodness has been removed.

You might be questioning what’s the purpose of carbohydrates in our body. Well, they significantly contribute to the regular functioning of our muscular, central nervous along with other body systems. Nerve cells need to supply glucose to the brain. When there isn’t enough sugar within the blood, they use amino acids for energy, the creating blocks of protein. If this continues, this can impact the production of new cells and formation of tissues.

Insufficient glucose in our body also leads the nerve cells to make use of ketones. Produced by the liver, they convert stored fats to energy. This really is the reason why a person can sustain fasting for days. This really is also what happens to obese individuals when they limit their carb intake. The nerve cells gradually use the fats in their belly, thighs and arms. The presence of ketones also makes them feel much less hungry and so they eat much less.

Nevertheless, when these metabolites accumulate uncontrollably within the blood and urine, ketoacidosis happens. According to Mayo Clinic, some of the early symptoms of this abnormality consist of excessive thirst, nausea, confusion, abdominal pain, vomiting, weakness, fatigue and shortness of breath. If not cured, it can be fatal.

How about consuming much more protein-rich food? Can it compensate for the absence of carbohydrates in our meals? Sadly, it is not a good option. Studies reveal that individuals with too much protein ends up suffering from kidney issues and high cholesterol.

From these details, we are able to conclude that a person must have a balance diet of food to maintain the body healthy and powerful. If you’re following of weight loss or maintenance, do not treat carbohydrates as your enemy. It’s the primary and most effective source of energy; therefore, it ought to not be totally eliminated for your meals.

Instead, you need to be careful with what you eat and be mindful with your physical activities. You are able to still eat your preferred sweets but do it once in a whilst only. You are able to still spend some time lying or sitting down and watching Television for hours but make certain you get enough sweat from physical exercise.

 

STRANGER DANGER – CHILD ABDUCTIONS : Would Anyone Help Your Child When Being Abducted? October 25, 2011

Filed under: Blogs — Fall into My Eyes @ 1:51 am

So, today I logged onto you tube to check out the newer posts by some of my friends, and saw a video… It consisted of an anti-abduction group setting up a “fake” child abduction in public. The girls mom watched from a video feed in a nearby van, and a police officer sat out of sight, but not too far away. The little gild stood there out in the open, when a man (staged) came up to her, grabbing her arm and yelling at her. To outsiders, it looked as if the girl were a defiant child, disobeying her dad. However, the girl kept screaming “HELP ME! You’re not my dad, YOU’RE NOT MY DAD!” over and over again. The response? People literally just walked by her…some looked back at the girl and man, but kept going…no one tried to help! I was in tears imagining my son being abducted and no one trying to help him! In the end, a group of men paid enough attention to the man and what was being said. An important thing I told my children after watching this was that there are a lot of bad people out there. Not everyone is friendly just to be nice. Some are friendly to trick you, and others just straight up try to take you, and will hurt you. This man in the video was screaming things at the girl that would make passers believe he was genuinely the girl’s dad or something…he was acting like she was just a disobedient child…What if the abduction were real? That girl would have been taken and no one would have tried to help her! Could you imagine being one of those people who just walked right by her? And then, seeing her face blasted on TV or an amber alert as a missing child? Wouldn’t you feel like crap???? We really do need to pay more attention to what is going on around us. I know I have heard children being defiant with their parents, and not thought twice about blowing them off. This is a serious issue. Let’s help keep kids safe and pay attention. The link for the video is http://youtu.be/H7dfkZKjWSo. Please check it out. AND then, if you have children or young loved ones…make the time to really, REALLY talk with them about what they should do in the case a stranger acts inappropriately or tries to take them. I practiced screaming “STRANGER, DANGER” with my two boys just a little bit ago. It is hard to help children understand everyone is not their friend…but it is worth the frustration. trust me.

 

Comet-Seeded Alien Oceans Could Be Common October 21, 2011

Filed under: Check it out! — Fall into My Eyes @ 2:30 am

Comet-Seeded Alien Oceans Could Be Common

by Mike Wall, SPACE.com Senior Writer
Date: 20 October 2011 Time: 02:01 PM ET
Water Alien Solar System
Artist’s concept illustrating an icy planet-forming disk around the star TW Hydrae, located about 175 light-years away in the constellation Hydra. Astronomers found huge stores of cool water vapor (illustrated in blue) in the frigid outer regions of the star system, where comets will take shape.
CREDIT: NASA/JPL-Caltech
A still-forming alien solar system has enough water in its outer reaches to fill Earth’s oceans several thousand times over, a new study finds.The discovery marks the first time astronomers have detected water in a dusty planet-forming disk so far from its central star, in the frigid region where comets are born. Scientists think comet impacts delivered most of Earth’s water, and the new study hints that alien planets may commonly acquire oceans in the same way.

“We now know that large amounts of water ice are available in planet-forming disks, ready to be incorporated in comets,” said Michiel Hogerheijde, of Leiden Observatory in the Netherlands, the study’s lead author. “Ultimately, some of this water may end up on Earth-like planets that form completely dry but this way may end up with life-supporting oceans.”

A nearby star

Hogerheijde and his team made the find using the European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory. They trained Herschel on the appropriately named young star TW Hydrae, which is located about 175 light-years away in the constellation Hydra (the Sea Serpent).

TW Hydrae is an orange dwarf star, slightly smaller and dimmer than our sun. It’s only about 10 million years old, and is still surrounded by a disk of dust and gas that should one day coalesce to form planets, researchers said.

Herschel detected huge amounts of water — thousands of times more water than is found on Earth — in the freezing-cold outer reaches of this disk, far from TW Hydrae itself. The water out there is likely ice coating the innumerable tiny dust grains that swirl around in the disk, researchers said.

Ultraviolet radiation from TW Hydrae knocks some water molecules free from these icy grains, allowing Herschel to spot the light signature from the resulting vapor.

Astronomers have found water vapor in the warmer, interior regions of other planet-forming disks before. So Hogerheijde’s team wasn’t shocked to find evidence of water farther out.

“We had actually always suspected that this much water was hiding out in the cold reaches of disks like these,” Hogerheijde told SPACE.com in an email. Thanks to Herschel, he added, “we can now for the first time detect the water vapor, and infer the presence and size of the hidden ice reservoir.”

The team reports its results in the Oct. 21 issue of the journal Science.

Alien comets, alien oceans?

The TW Hydrae find suggests that ice-bearing comets may form commonly around other stars. The icy wanderers might thus have seeded oceans on many alien planets throughout the cosmos over the years, researchers said.

“It does seem likely that life-supporting environments can form easily around other stars, now that we have found sufficient water ice to seed Earth-like planets with oceans,” Hogerheijde said.

The discovery could also help astronomers better understand solar system evolution and planet formation in a general sense, he added.

For example, large quantities of ice in a protoplanetary disk could serve as a sort of glue, Hogerheijde said, helping dust grains stick together and grow into planetesimals, the building blocks of planets.

Also, analysis of TW Hydrae’s far-flung ice shows that it’s significantly different from that found on comets in our solar system. This suggests that comets’ ice comes from several different regions in the dusty disk, not just the freezer on its outer edge.

“We actually think that comets in our own solar system contain mixtures of ices from across the solar nebula, hinting at the presence of long-range transportation of material through planet-forming disks,” Hogerheijde said. “This is a much more ‘dynamic’ picture of planet formation than previously imagined.”

You can follow SPACE.com senior writer Mike Wall on Twitter: @michaeldwall. Follow SPACE.com for the latest in space science and exploration news on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

 

The Hazy History of Air on Saturn’s Moon Titan

Filed under: Check it out! — Fall into My Eyes @ 2:16 am

The Hazy History of Air on Saturn’s Moon Titan

Shaun McCormack, Astrobiology Magazine Contributor
Date: 18 October 2011 Time: 06:00 AM ET
This artist's concept shows similar lakes of ethane thought to exist on Saturn's moon Titan.
This artist’s concept shows similar lakes of ethane thought to exist on Saturn’s moon Titan.
CREDIT: NASA/Karl Kofoed
What rocky moon has a nitrogen-rich atmosphere, Earth-like weather patterns and geology, liquid hydrocarbon seas and a relatively good chance to support life? The answer is Titan, the fascinating moon of Saturn.Titan’s many similarities to Earth is why astrobiologists are so fascinated by this unusual moon. Its atmosphere is often viewed as an analog to what the Earth’s atmosphere may have been like billions of years ago. Despite the 800 million miles between the two worlds, both may have had their atmospheres created through the gravitational layering and processing of asteroids and comets.”Titan provides an extraordinary environment to better understand some of the chemical processes that led to the appearance of life on Earth,” said Josep M. Trigo-Rodriguez, of the Institute of Space Sciences (CSIC-IEEC) in Barcelona, Spain. “Titan’s atmosphere is a natural laboratory that, in many aspects, seems to have a strong similitude with our current picture of the pre-biotic atmosphere of Earth.”

This is remarkable, because it was thought that Earth and Titan were made from a vastly different recipe of materials in drastically different temperatures, Trigo-Rodriguez said.

The research paper, “Clues on the importance of comets in the origin and evolution of the atmospheres of Titan,” by Trigo-Rodriguez and F. Javier Martin-Torres (Center for Astrobiology, Madrid, Spain), recently published in the journal Planetary and Space Science, offers insight into the atmospheric affinities of Earth and Titan.

Sunlight Glints off Liquid Lake on Titan
This image, obtained using Cassini’s Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS), shows the first observed flash of sunlight reflected off a lake on Saturn’s moon Titan.
CREDIT: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona/DLR

Building an atmosphere from scratchEarth presumably formed from scorched, oxygen-poor rocks (planetesimals) located in the inner solar system, while Titan formed from rocks that were rich in oxygen and other volatile chemicals (cometesimals) in the outer solar system.Trigo-Rodriguez and Martin-Torres believe the vital organic ingredients in the early Earth’s atmosphere were vaporized and swept away by solar winds. The ingredients for the air we breathe today returned about 4 billion years ago, during a cataclysmic rock storm known as the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB). During this period, oxygen- and volatile-rich materials from the outer solar system were hurled en masse towards the inner solar system.

According to Chris McKay, a planetary scientist at NASA’s Ames Research Center, comets may have made small contributions to the water, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen content of the Earth’s early atmosphere, “but they were not the main source.” This is known because the Deuterium/Hydrogen ratios of our oceans do not match the ratios found in comets. McKay said asteroids hurled our way during the LHB could be the main source of water on Earth.

Trigo-Rodriguez said he and McKay are basically on the same page.

“We think that asteroids and comets were key sources for water and organics,” Trigo-Rodriguez said. Four billion years ago, some asteroids contained so much ice that they would have brought just as much water to our planet as comets did.

Trigo-Rodriguez and Martin Torres studied how hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen isotopes reacted with their environments on Earth and Titan. They looked at data recorded by the Cassini-Huygens probe to better understand the isotopic ratios in Titan’s dense, hazy atmosphere.

Different distances from the sun, different sizes and different environmental conditions led to different chemical evolutions on the two worlds. Even so, both Earth and Titan were hit by similar water-rich bodies, which provided a volatile-rich source for both atmospheres during the late-heavy bombardment.

Outgassing and collisional processing on both worlds led to the production of molecular nitrogen-dominated atmospheres with similar isotopic ratios of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen.

An artist's impression of a planet being sterilized by a continuous bombardment of comets and meteors. A new study shows that such impacts would not have completely sterilized the early Earth

An artist’s impression of a planet being sterilized by a continuous bombardment of comets and meteors. A new study shows that such impacts would not have completely sterilized the early Earth
CREDIT: David Hardy

Life’s origins and other questions

“We see Titan as a natural oasis of remarkable astrobiological significance to understand the environment in which origin of life took place on Earth,” Trigo-Rodriguez says. “It seems that a plausible scenario to build life consists of a dense atmosphere, where small particles like organic haze and meteoric metals could act as catalysts for the formation of more complex organic compounds from simple precursors such as carbon monoxide and methane, thus promoting increasing complexity.”

In fact, a 2007 experiment by chemistry professor Margaret Tolbert and graduate student Melissa Trainer at the University of Colorado in Boulder showed early Earth’s atmosphere would have had the same organic haze that encourages formation of complex organic molecules on Titan.

Scientists are still wondering how Titan is able to maintain all of its atmospheric methane. According to McKay, “Earth’s atmosphere is composed of compounds that persist over billions of years. However on Titan, all of the methane should have been destroyed by sunlight on a timescale of about 30 million years. There must be a source of methane re-supply.”

The methane in the atmosphere may come mainly from Titan’s lakes of liquid hydrocarbon. But to really understand what is re-supplying the methane, Martin-Torres would like to see another probe sent to the moon’s surface. (The Cassini mission sent the Huygens probe to Titan in January 2005, but the probe had limited instruments and could only transmit data from the surface for 90 minutes before the battery power ran out).

“We need a surface exploration with a lander-style mission,” Martin-Torres said. “We’re still missing the most important data.” A ground probe could examine the composition of Titan’s surface, the nature of its low-temperature chemistry, and search for signs of life.

This story was provided by Astrobiology Magazine, a web-based publication sponsored by the NASA astrobiology program.

 

Halley’s Comet to Put on Meteor Show Next Week

Filed under: Check it out! — Fall into My Eyes @ 1:56 am

Halley’s Comet to Put on Meteor Show Next Week

by Joe Rao, SPACE.com Skywatching Columnist
Date: 14 October 2011 Time: 04:43 PM EST

A 2010 Orionid meteor, seen over Western Ontario, Canada. A waxing gibbous moon shines brightly at the left side of the image.
CREDIT: NASA courtesy of Meteor Physics Group, University of Western Ontario

If you step outside before dawn during the next week or so, you might try to catch a view of some “cosmic litter” that has been left behind in space by Halley’s Comet: the Orionid meteor shower.

The Orionids can best be described as a junior version of the famous Perseid meteor shower. This year’s Orionids show is scheduled to reach its maximum before sunrise on the morning of Oct. 22. The meteors are known as “Orionids” because the fireballs seem to fan out from a region to the north of Orion’s second brightest star, ruddy Betelgeuse.

Currently, Orion appears ahead of us in our journey around the sun. The constellation does not completely rise above the eastern horizon until after 11 p.m. local daylight time. At its best, several hours later around 5 a.m., Orion will be highest in the sky toward the south.How Comets Cause Meteor Showers

The Orionids typically produce around 20 to 25 meteors per hour under a clear, dark sky. Orionid meteors are normally dim and not well seen from urban locations, so you’d do best to find a safe rural location to see the most Orionid activity.

Orionid meteors will begin to increase noticeably around Oct. 17, when they’ll start appearing at about five per hour. After peaking on the morning of Oct. 22, activity will begin to slowly descend, dropping back to around five per hour around Oct. 26. The last stragglers usually appear sometime in early to mid- November.

Halley’s Legacy

Halley’s Comet has left a visible legacy in the form of these two annual meteor showers, one of which is the Orionids. This will be a good year to look for them, since the moon will have slimmed down to a crescent on the morning of the Orionids peak, and will not pose much of a hindrance for those watching for Orionids in 2011. This slender moon will not rise until around 2 a.m. local daylight time.

Comets are the leftovers of the solar system’s creation, the odd bits and pieces of simple gases — methane, ammonia, carbon dioxide and water vapor — that went unused when the sun and its attendant planets came into their present form.  Meteoroids that are released into space out of this debris are the remnants of a comet’s nucleus. All comets eventually disintegrate into meteor swarms, and Halley’s is well into that process already.

These tiny particles — mostly ranging in size from dust to sand grains — remain along the original comet’s orbit, creating a “river of rubble” in space. In the case of Halley’s Comet, which has likely circled the sun many hundreds, if not thousands, of times, its dirty trail of debris has been distributed more or less uniformly all along its orbit.  When these tiny bits of comet collide with Earth, friction with our atmosphere raises them to white heat and produces the effect popularly referred to as “shooting stars.”

The orbit of Halley’s Comet closely approaches the Earth’s orbit at two places. One point is in the early part of May, producing a meteor display known as the Eta Aquarids. The other point comes in the middle to later part of October, producing the Orionids.

What to Expect

The best time to watch begins from 1 or 2 a.m. local daylight time, until around dawn, when the shower’s point of origin (in Orion’s upraised club, just north of the bright red star, Betelgeuse) is highest above the horizon. The higher this point, called the radiant, the more meteors appear all over the sky.

The Orionids are one of just a handful of meteor showers that can be observed equally well from both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

This meteor shower is one of the better annual displays, producing about 15 to 20 meteors per hour at its peak. Add the five to 10 sporadic meteors that always are plunging into our atmosphere and you get a maximum of about 20 to 30 meteors per hour for a dark sky location.  Most of these meteors are relatively faint, however, so any light pollution will cut the total way down.

The shower may be quite active for several days before or after its broad maximum, which may last from Oct. 20 through Oct. 24. Step outside before sunrise on any of these mornings, and if you catch sight of a meteor, there’s about a 75 percent chance that it likely originated from the nucleus of Halley’s Comet.

“They are easily identified … from their speed,” write David Levy and Stephen Edberg in “Observe: Meteors,” an Astronomical League manual.  “At 66 kilometers (41 miles) per second, they appear as fast streaks, faster by a hair than their sisters, the Eta Aquarids of May. And like the Eta Aquarids, the brightest of family tend to leave long-lasting trains. Fireballs are possible three days after maximum.”

Recent studies have shown that about half of all Orionids that are seen leave trails that lasted longer than other meteors of equal brightness. This is undoubtedly connected in some way to the makeup of Halley’s Comet. So it is that the shooting stars that we have come to call Orionids are really an encounter with the traces of a famous visitor from the depths of space and from the dawn of creation.

Joe Rao serves as an instructor and guest lecturer at New York’s Hayden Planetarium. He writes about astronomy for The New York Times and other publications, and he is also an on-camera meteorologist for News 12 Westchester, New York.

 

 

 

 

 

Update on Life October 7, 2011

Filed under: Blogs — Fall into My Eyes @ 2:06 am

Hey everyone! Just wanted to post something quick to let you all know how things are going 🙂 I am now on week two of working out :), in addition to taking SlimQuick for women… Tomorrow starts week two for the SlimQuick. I have lost 4 lbs so far 🙂 Which is awesome 🙂 I have a long way to go before I reach my goal weight, but you gotta start somewhere, right? LOL. I am doing Insanity for my workout everyday 🙂 And my little sister has been coming over and doing it with me (which is motivation for me to keep pushing play).

I am still job hunting :(, no luck yet. The job market is extremely rough right now; but I am still giving it my all.

I just finished up my marketing course this past Monday, and started another Business course on Tuesday. Things are looking good so far. I passed the last course with an A-. So it brought my GPA up .03 points 🙂 YAY!

The kids and hubby are all doing great too. I have been super busy all the time, but I promise to get on here and post some more great tools for you all to check out!

I also posted a video on youtube last week and I plan to post another one either today or tomorrow if any of you are interested in checking it out :). I am racegirl49 on there…look me up :D.

Brandy

 

 
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